Australia – Australian Associated Press

Code of ethics of the Australian Associated Press (AAP).

1. Accuracy
1.1.  AAP has a valued reputation as “the reliable source”. All information, comment and opinion reported on our wires must be authoritatively sourced.
1.2. Sources must be identified by name unless there are compelling reasons for not doing so. Always query a source’s motives when they request anonymity.
1.3. The vague attribution “sources say” is generally not acceptable, unless it is the only way to protect a vital source in a matter of public interest.

2. Impartiality and fairness
2.1.  AAP does not promote particular views or commercial interests, either through undue emphasis or by suppressing relevant material.
2.2. In reporting views on controversial matters, always seek to include a fair balance of other views. Any comment or conjecture by the journalist writing the story should be identifiable as such.
2.3. AAP journalists have latitude to express their own views more freely only when, in the opinion of the Editor, they have special knowledge or expertise or sufficient reputation.
2.4. Individuals or groups singled out for criticism should be given a right of reply, in the original story whenever possible.
2.5. Emotive or contentious adjectives should be avoided unless they are being quoted.

3. Corrections
3.1 Inaccuracies or suspected inaccuracies which affect the integrity of stories on our wires must be dealt with promptly.
3.2. When we acknowledge an inaccuracy, a correction should be issued at urgent priority.
3.3. Challenges to accuracy or fairness in our stories must be referred to the News Editor or duty editor. If there is serious doubt, particularly on legal grounds, we may have to alert subscribers to hold a story pending clarification. If such doubts are confirmed, we may have to advise subscribers to kill the story and replace it with a corrected version if appropriate. Both holds and kills should be issued at top priority.

4. Conflict of Interest
4.1. Journalists must consult the Editor before covering a story which involves or might involve a conflict of interest, either through active membership of a political, lobby or community group, or from personal, family or financial considerations.
4.2. Journalists must not use for their own profit financial information they receive in advance of its general publication, nor should they pass such information to others.
4.3. Journalists must not write about shares, securities and companies in whose performance they know that they or their close families have a significant financial interest without disclosing the interest to the Editor or the Finance Editor.
4.4. Journalists must disclose to the Editor or Finance Editor any personal trading, either directly or through nominees or agents, in shares or securities about which they have written recently or about which they intend to write in the near future.
4.5. Failure to notify the Editor of any real or potential conflict of interest before a story is issued on AAP wires may result in dismissal.

5. Invitations 
5.1. Invitations to AAP journalists from government, commercial and sporting organisations for expenses-paid trips and other assistance to cover events in which those organi-sations have an interest must be referred to the Editor.
5.2. Generally, such invitations will only be accepted if they are made to AAP as an organisation and provided the news editors are satisfied that the event is worth covering.
5.3. In no circumstances can AAP guarantee to write a particular story.
5.4. Stories written as a result of travel trips should concentrate on the region or the area, rather than the specifics of a hotel or resort. Travel features should include a “how to get there” section at the bottom of the story with details of airline schedules, etc.
5.5. No AAP journalist may be interviewed in a professional capacity in any of the news media, nor take part in a panel discussion, without the prior approval of the Editor.

6. Misrepresentation
6.1. AAP does not sanction misrepresentation, deceit or subterfuge to obtain information.
6.2. Journalists must not obtain information or publish material obtained clandestinely by using  listening devices or by intercepting private telephone conversations.

7. Discrimination
7.1. Gratuitous emphasis should not be placed on gender, religion, minority groups, sexual orientation, race, colour or physical or mental disability. Such references should be included in copy only where they are strictly relevant.

8. Offensive language
8.1. Offensive language, especially obscenities and terms of abuse relating to particular groups in the community should be used only when they are essential to the meaning of the story, and never gratuitously.
8.2. Circumstances in which the words used are essential to a story might include use of a swear word in public by a major public figure; or a direct quote of an important piece of evidence in a court case, but then only if the word itself is an integral part of the evidence.
8.3. Stories containing offensive language must begin with a warning to subscribers, so that they can make their own judgement.

9. Privacy
9.1. Personal privacy should be respected unless it interferes with publication of matters of public record, or of significant public interest.
9.2. Approaches to people suffering trauma or grief should be undertaken with care and sensitivity.
9.3. Relatives of people convicted or accused of crime should not be identified unless reference to them is strictly relevant to the story.

10. Children
10.1. Children under the age of 16 should not be unduly prompted in interviews or given inducements to cooperate, and every effort should be made to seek the permission of a parent or other legally responsible adult.
10.2. Children should not be approached in schools without the permission of the school authority.
10.3. Children should not be identified in crime or court reports without legal advice.

11. Suicide
11.1. AAP does not report graphic details of suspected suicides or suicide attempts.
11.2. Any suicide notes obtained by AAP staff must immediately and unfailingly be referred to the Editor.

12. Public emergencies
12.1. Great care must be taken in reporting threats of violence to the public by bombs or other means of extortion such as contamination of groceries.
12.2. Generally, we do not run stories about potential hoaxes, unless there is an overriding public interest. If in doubt, consult the Editor.


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