Ethiopia – Ethiopian Free Press Journalists’ Association (1998)

Professional Code of Ethics of the Ethiopian Free Press Journalists’ Association (EFJA). Endorsed by the General Congress, December 1998.

1. The Journalist has the obligation to inform the public on the malpractices of officials. The information must be corroborated by  evidence.

2. In recognition of the fact the public has the right to get information, the journalist is obliged to reveal the truth based on accurate information.

3. The journalist shall be dedicated to his profession and enrich his
experience and knowledge.

4. The journalist shall not disseminate information that endangers the nation’s unity, security or sovereignty, or creates divisions among people, or destabilizes peace, or facilitates or foments discrimination based on race, tribe or religion.

5. The journalist shall observe professional secrecy regarding the source of information obtained in confidence.

6. The journalist shall not use any material belonging to others without giving credit to the author.

7. The Journalist must be sharp-minded, trustworthy, modest, and
meticulous in performing his duties.

8. The journalist shall not disseminate information that slanders
individuals or organizations.

9. If the journalist happens to disseminate defamatory information on individual or organization he shall present the denial or response of the individual or organization.

10. The Journalist shall maintain the integrity of his profession and

11. The journalist shall not engage in socially or morally unacceptable activities.

(a) The Journalist shall not present to the public obscene literature, pictures, films or utterances that corrupt culture.
(b) The Journalist shall identify the news item form his own subjective judgment. If at all he has personal views, they should be clearly and explicitly stated. The Journalist shall, while performing his duties, not be dominated by his own emotions and shall not be in pursuit of his own personal interests.

13. The Journalist shall not without permission  of the giver reveal the source of information or national secrets which he may have obtained in the course of performing his tasks.

14. The journalist shall not, out of scrupulousness or lame excuses or shunning responsibility, refrain from compiling and disseminating information that should be known by the public.

15. The journalist not degrade the profession by directly or indirectly accepting bribes, gifts or other benefits for the news, commentaries, programmes, photographs or films he has disseminated.

16. The journalist shall not act as an intermediary between another
journalist and an individual or organization that wants to be publicized in the media.

(a) The journalist shall not abuse his profession to acquire illegal benefits or be a cause for the acquisition of illegal benefits.
(b) The journalist shall not engage inactivities that are inconsistent with his profession. The journalist shall immediately rectify the mistakes he has made regarding an individual or organization.

(a) The Journalist shall work in close collaboration with other
professional colleagues
(b) The journalist shall not try to harm other journalists or obstruct
their activities for personal fame or to get other benefits.

19. If a journalist encounters problems while making efforts to fulfil his tasks, the association shall, in collaboration with those concerned, do its level best to help the journalist.

20. Enforcement of the code
The code of ethics shall be enforced exclusively by the Ethiopian Free Press Journalists’ Association.

21. A professional journalist shall by governed by the regulations embraced in the Code of Ethics.

22. The decisions made by the association would be applicable to a
professional journalists who violates any of the provision(s) of the Code of Ethics.

23. Revision of the Code of Ethics:
The provisions of the code shall be revised when the idea is supported by seventy five per cent of the General Congress of the Ethiopian Free Press Journalists’ Association.

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